Working Of Hybrid Cars
Working of hybrid cars depends on combustible engines that many cars are powered with these days. As sources of energy, diesel or gasoline is used in combustible engines. In such a system, harmful compounds and carbon are not emitted which is the biggest advantage of the combustible engine. The reason why hybrid cars were developed is to meet scarcity of diesel and gasoline - fossil fuels and pollution. An electric motor and a combustible engine (normal petrol/diesel engine) with less power are used for working of hybrid cars. Always running within is the encased internal low capacity combustion engine when a hybrid car is in operation.
The car is given the required kinetic energy, when it has to climb slopes or accelerate, by the electric power which is powered by the battery of high capacity. This helps the car to get geared for the required action. When at constant speed, like when the car is running for hours on the highway, the electric motor also powers the car even after switching off the engine.
While reducing velocity or braking, the engine converts extra kinetic energy into electrical energy and stocks it up in car's battery, unlike the normal car. It is the regenerative brake instrument which makes this transfer of energy possible. It is on liquid nitrogen a battery is powered in some of the hybrid cars. Between the engine of a hybrid car and the normal combustible engine there is but little difference. The electric motor and the combustible engine are the two sources of kinetic energy that the recently developed hybrid cars flaunt. Engines driven by hydrogen fuel are also present in some of the hybrid cars. Hydrogen fuel is stored in a pressurized liquid form within a tank in the car. A device known as fuel cell is also used to power electric motors that some of the new generation hybrid cars have. Hybrid fuel cells actually work to lower emissions.
Oxygen and hydrogen facilitate the fuel cell to produce electricity and water. Coming into vogue are hydrogen powered cars with fuel cells. Fuel costs are reduced with the use of light materials used to build these vehicles. This is a modern variant of automobiles and is an important invention. The car is the answer to many of the planet's problems. It gives us one way to make an impact on depleting fuel resources on the earth that take centuries to regurgitate and of course the air pollution that is now a life threatening health hazard.
The hydraulic hybrid cars are based on hydraulic components and hydraulic hybrid technology. In this technology the engine is used to charge the pressure accumulated so that the wheels can be powered by the units which are hydraulically driven. It's amongst the most environment-friendly and inexpensive methods of power utilization, and hydraulic hybrid technology, has been appreciated by all over the world. It keeps out materials which are toxic and are used in the electrical hybrid system. The idea is to evolve quickly enough so we don't damage the earth permanently.